Mapping and Restoring Synaptic Connectivity in Brain Disorders

2016 Scientific Innovations Award
Thomas Biederer, Ph.D.
Department of Neuroscience
Tufts University

Dr. Biederer’s work focuses on how nerve cells in the brain communicate with each other through cellular connections called synapses. Synapses are formed and remodeled in the maturing and adult brain to rewire circuits. Synaptic aberrations are linked to autism spectrum disorders and schizophrenia. This proposal aims to map the underlying disease-linked synaptic changes and investigate novel interventions. Our approach will be based on animal models of autism spectrum disorders and schizophrenia, using genetically modified mice that harbor mutations in genes that cause these disorders in humans. These mouse models replicate core features of these brain diseases. First, we will develop methods to visualize for the first time the synaptic connections that are used during cognitive processes. We will employ this method to map connectivity changes in models of autism and schizophrenia. Second, we will introduce specific genes to intervene in the mature brain and increase the formation of connections. We will test whether this intervention helps the brain to re-wire itself and improves behavioral functions in autism spectrum disorders and schizophrenia. We expect this research to help us better understand synaptic wiring during cognition and to determine how we can use the body’s own ability to organize connectivity to restore deficits in brain disorders.

Other Awards

James J DiCarlo, M.D., Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Using Computer Models of the Neural Mechanisms of Visual Processing to Non-Invasively Modulate Brain States
DiCarlo’s research team is exploring an innovative approach to address emotional challenges, such as anxiety and depression. Traditional treatments for these disorders can be complex and often cause unpleasant side effects,…
Eiman Azim, Ph.D., The Salk Institute for Biological Studies
Learning from Error: Defining how Cerebellar Circuits Drive Adaptation in a Changing World
The ability to move effectively through the world is one of the most important functions of the brain. However, the world and the body are constantly changing, meaning the signals…
Hillel Adesnik, Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley
All Optically Probing the Neural Codes of Perception in the Primate Brain
How patterns of action potentials in space and time give rise to sensory experience is among the most enduring mysteries of biology. Despite decades of experiments correlating brain activity patterns…
Chaolin Zhang, Ph.D., Columbia University
Human-specific Alternative Splicing, Brain
Development, and Ciliopathies
Like movie frames needing to be edited to tell an engaging story, pieces of genetic information stored in DNA for each gene need to be sliced and rejoined, through a…