Epilepsy

BRF-funded seed grant research leads Dr. Dane Chetkovich to exponential advancements not just in his study of epilepsy but other researchers’ understanding of both epilepsy and mood disorders as well.

Details surrounding a pair of Brain Research Foundation grants awarded to Dr. Dane Chetkovich in 2009 and 2010 for his epilepsy studies tell a compelling story about how our seed grant money yields valuable and far-reaching results. Dr. Chetkovich has parlayed both of his grant studies into substantial additional funding. And through collaboration and sharing of technology, his work has led to improved understanding of how epilepsy functions in the brain.

Epilepsy is characterized by recurrent seizures that occur spontaneously. At its worst, epilepsy leads to disability, reduced quality of life and increased risk of sudden death. While therapeutic drugs and even surgery have improved the lives of many patients with epilepsy, such treatments often come at a cost. There are others who are resistant to these therapies and are still searching for relief.

Dr. Chetkovich used his 2009 and 2010 BRF seed grant money to approach this disease from two different perspectives.

In his 2009 seed grant study, Dr. Chetkovich tested his hypothesis that the presence of a specific protein in the brain might stop epilepsy. His lab engineered a virus to deliver the gene of that protein into the brain cells of epileptic mice. The experiments progressed quickly and demonstrated that viral gene therapy was indeed a viable approach to stopping epilepsy in mice.

Dr. Chetkovich used the data he generated from this $40,000 BRF seed grant to obtain a National Institutes of Health (NIH) award in the amount of $450,000. He then took the next step in the funding process by applying for a second, larger NIH grant. If his proposal is successful, he could receive an additional $1.2 million for a project that BRF funded when it was just an innovative idea. The Foundation’s $40,000 investment has the potential to generate 40 times more in additional funding. This additional funding allows Dr. Chetkovich to continue to advance his study of epilepsy at an even more rapid pace.

Dr. Chetkovich’s 2010 seed grant project created a novel mouse model of epilepsy. Based on his previous results, Dr. Chetkovich hypothesized that if his lab disrupted a regulatory protein in the brain, it would cause seizures. Deleting that protein from a strain of mice proved his hypothesis correct – the genetically altered mice displayed seizures.

With this new data, he obtained another early stage NIH grant for $420,000.

This novel mouse model has been an invaluable tool for researchers studying epilepsy. Dr. Chetkovich has shared his model with other scientists in Chicago, Texas, Germany, Switzerland and London. The BRF seed grant has not only advanced Dr. Chetkovich’s research in epilepsy but also the research of national and international neuroscientists.

In addition to generously giving his mouse model to others working in the field of epilepsy, Dr. Chetkovich is sharing it with scientists working on depression. It is now thought that the regulatory protein associated with epilepsy is also involved in mood regulation.

The innovative progress of Dr. Chetkovich’s work illustrates the key role the Brain Research Foundation plays in promoting better understanding of the brain through grants that help advance science exponentially—providing knowledge and discovery that impact a wide range of neuroscience research.

Other Grants

Lindsay M. De Biase, Ph.D., University of California Los Angeles
The Role of Microglial Lysosomes in Selective Neuronal Vulnerability
Synapses, the sites of signaling between neurons in the brain, play essential roles in learning, memory, and the health of neurons themselves. An enduring mystery is why some neurons are…
How the Nervous System Constructs Internal Models of the External World
As animals navigate their environments, they construct internal models of the external sensory world and use these models to guide their behavior. This ability to incorporate ongoing sensory stimuli into…
Xiaojing Gao, Ph.D., Stanford University
When Neural Circuits Meet Molecular Circuits: Quantitative Genetic Manipulation with Single-cell Consistency
Cells are the building blocks of our bodies. We get sick when the cells “misbehave”. The way modern gene therapies work is to introduce genes, fragments of DNA molecules that…
Rafiq Huda, Ph.D., Rutgers University
Conducting the Orchestra of Movement—Functional Role of Striatal Astrocytes in Health and Disease
Movement requires coordinated activity across a large brain-wide network. The striatum is a particularly important part of this circuit; it integrates motor-related information from many distinct brain regions to regulate…